The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have updated their recommendations for passwords.
The new recommendations include
NIST feel phrases are easier for people to remember because they are familiar. Then making people less likely to write it down.
The recommended steps for creating a password according to NIST:
Step 1. Use items that have purpose to you to use the power of accociation.
Step 2. Use items unique to you. Passphrases should be items that can go together in your head but not of others.
Ex. Objects in your kitchen, such as RedStoveFlowerDaisy. Avoid items that are simple to guess, such as a child’s name.
Step 3. Create a passphrase you can picture in your mind. See the example above.
The IRS recommends
Best Option: multifactor authentictian when able to, which can be used with a fingerprint or code texted from your cellphone to allow access.